> 0000044611 00000 n Fifteen focus group discussions (FDG) were conducted with 145 refugees to explore their views, including ten FGDs held in Mussungue reception centre on 23-24 June 2017 and five FDGs in Cacanda reception centre on 8 July 2017. Be sure thank participants for attending and helping with this important project and reaffirm the topic of discussion - our Code of Business Conduct & Ethics. Focus group interviews are a qualitative research method that consist of a carefully designed “discussion” which allows people to express their points of view in a group setting and provide researchers with indicators of program impact. 0000043684 00000 n PA���0Ӷs��� ז�7�je��\�Cs-��M*��9?Q-\;�{R��y��f5�(�\H�ŭ�K�>��b�Z���w��#�EKj���f�A����g���_d=��?�q�6�,)�7"�F�У��;���D����O����k�bX Questions are open-ended, with the aim of stimulating an informal discussion with participants 0000059423 00000 n 0000003684 00000 n A group discussion hosted by a moderator, focus groups involve anywhere from four to eight participants. 0000003522 00000 n ��IҎwd%f���8��i�lm-jU�-X�N`�wc�jc The ideas and the opinions flow freely without any rules and the regulations to follow. The focus group is intended to identify community strengths and barriers Through the focus group discussions, you will discover information that will help you identify steps you can take to improve college practices that affect student success. Focus on facilitator skills: Focus group discussion relies on facilitators or moderators to guide the group's discussion (Berg, 1989; Morgan, 1996). \:�G���p������7�Ovp|�\�UX�)&4�(J܁�f�z'Lhڙ�FD�l�ڒ;�y,�.I�A��#/{^�.~�b>Z���u>��*u"�C} Z�+� ��i�:�����9�jk����~UX[j���,!�|. 0000003960 00000 n Focus group Clearly direct 0000023475 00000 n In bridging research and policy, FGD can be useful in providing an insight into different opinions among different parties involved in the change process, thus enabling the process to be managed more smoothly. 0000031658 00000 n A good moderator will know how to conduct a focus group discussion with the goal of stimulating a spirited discussion among the participants. 0000006650 00000 n 0000032377 00000 n �L\K���7 Y?iWk)f`�{��C\Ar�܁�i|L,�w�op(�C]����H3�_� �� 0000000016 00000 n 0000016295 00000 n focusedon a particular discussion topic. 0000199118 00000 n They are used to find out the perceptions and attitudes of a defined group of people. FGDs can be used to explore the meanings of survey findings that cannot be explained statistically, the range of opinions/views on a topic of interest and to collect a wide variety of local terms. The standard length of time for a focus group is anywhere from 45 to 90 minutes. 0000014219 00000 n 2. 0000012976 00000 n In this core module suggested topics to be covered in interviews and group discussions with young people regarding sexual behaviour, dating patterns and risk perceptions are outlined. A focus group discussion is an interaction among one or more experts and more than one individual with the intention of gathering data. Focus group discussions can be applied at any stage of the project or programme 0000015822 00000 n It is also a good method to employ prior to designing questionnaires. In a brief time the moderator must create a thoughtful, permissive atmosphere, provide ground rules, and set the tone of the discussion. 0000014742 00000 n The ideal focus group moderator has the following traits: Can listen attentively with sensitivity and empathy What Is a Focus Group Discussion? 0000006498 00000 n You will need around 10 volunteers to help facilitate the focus group. 0000057412 00000 n H��Wˎ7��W��Wo�׬_b F�lL�l�Y'��H�(u��k ��L״D��"��p�!��m��èi>�=�ޟ>��_�ß��淟�z���ߧק�_.o�o�x���?������~x�N?���k쓸��C�}�}�4��[�s�����?����>[�!|:��s���!${�Oi[O5�.u+CF8?���]��fCS P�TS w ���]�T׫�i��^uGnp��AT�Y3�ꦣ�ъ&:�������(GEP Conducting the focus group Ideally, the focus group is conducted by a team consisting of a moderator and assistant moderator. 1. 0000002875 00000 n 0000013363 00000 n ���J�r��%��4�2��~_ =l��p�M��o�-l�fS�Ӿ�j�� msl�~!Ë"EaFf����?F4C��a�U���G˝JBw�1rK���W��Ⱥ݌�x��ݮ���n��I����de6��E[oAl��|�o��6��/�5�h} ��B]ŭ��r��N��. 0000003674 00000 n 0000100492 00000 n The moderator facilitates the discussion; the assistant takes notes and runs the tape recorder. 0000002209 00000 n Each group included between 6 and 12 people. 0$�=7�氂��F �8������� �gA-*��g+R#T��{�B�5��T��R��/5��5+�q�q�)��v����Hf�h�x�r���q��v�i��4�L��.�q~)�!�����-VK0I��B����!�ΐ���,+�mg�@.Et�$����I� A focus group is a small-group discussion guided by a trained leader. the facilitator and the basic nature of group discussions (Calder 1977). 47 0 obj <> endobj %PDF-1.4 %���� 0000003637 00000 n The FGDs were held separately for female and male refugees in three distinct population groups: adolescents (13-17 years • Research suggests that group discussion can cause participant attitudes to become more extreme, which could in turn result in greater unification of group opinions or polarize participants. 0000001515 00000 n 0000028711 00000 n 0000198416 00000 n =B6hf@b�Z�3������(���eA����Э0�,_��v)XQCC�Y�W�_{��e2�@B `I�6!�(4 n��r��J?�f��X��[�rp1��|�@���*v�yùC�c% ��.�M�"�q�B��x"�@x� '5k"hq��H��.g��!��`��+pF��R ���$[@t8��'�� ���'��VQ�@b@�m&B5[P�ƚg�.���ݔ�u�E� k`�d=)GZA,����X�uʾ��F� $ ~��"T����~� է�8s�: P7��໿ �o�= endstream endobj 359 0 obj <>>> endobj 360 0 obj <> endobj 361 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/Properties<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89]/Type/Page>> endobj 362 0 obj <> endobj 363 0 obj [/ICCBased 381 0 R] endobj 364 0 obj <>stream 0000003034 00000 n This is because there is no designated leader in the group and the discussions are made natural. 0000009779 00000 n The materials that you will need for focus groups are: h޴UiPSW�/ %,Y���JXd$�,Nq��E��d �:���j �OR! Focus group discussion is widely used in conservation research unlike some of the other relatively lesser known techniques such as Nominal Group Technique (Hugé & Mukherjee, in prep) and Q meth-odology (Zabala & Mukherjee, 2017). 3.1 Focus group and the individual interview Focus Group can contribute to a project built around the Individual Interview, especially in the planning phase of the interview route. focus groups is suggested, which includes a consideration of when focus groups are preferred over one-to-one interviews. 0000001974 00000 n Any longer and the sessions become inefficient and the participant’s time needs to be considered. 0000081827 00000 n 0000003719 00000 n 358 0 obj <> endobj xref %%EOF 0000031486 00000 n Tips for Facilitating Focus Groups Your role as a focus group facilitator is very important. According to Morgan et al. 0000001256 00000 n 0000012871 00000 n 0000072422 00000 n 0000002998 00000 n Opening Remarks (2 Minutes) Thanks for coming today. 0000007696 00000 n 0000052507 00000 n 0000048294 00000 n 0000072937 00000 n 0000011951 00000 n Selection of participants varies a great deal. It can impact focus group discussion if the facilitator is anxious because materials are missing or purchased at the last minute. 0000032206 00000 n H��VK��6��W���Z>E�ڦ)�SZ�!����^5�앬��;䐲�Z�7��)>���M����V�RV�ε �y��`2����7������p�ߠkPJ�"̀�?�[ F�F:��Lk���n�,�G�0*0��6�raSU�z$��P��C_��(Cs�!�J�)�����s����� I�{����=�=�wιs f�) D ,f, *���h�Z D����� ����:Y'>�wI���G��Qi\?��q��,5�{��ɣ�����b�-Z���7�����0;���O,G�&Fn#������~�͐�Ƶ%�u5gN��6��9�e�n�i��O.�&�@��w��d/oV3�]�i1b�ֺr�wSU�u�ǝ�aqmٞ y�-Q�xNӼ{b�|��h�#�5ݽ�n��^m�U��k��i᠂�`����sa��9��)�����#�3�_��L��={�v�0~@���J'�}Jd�@��pF�s 9@!�gG��ezx����D� � ���~���Ao�g����rJ\��x,������=����&�����B��N���O�rں�3>�5�4���*� ��b��{t�²��M�1q�lPa�x1zjS)�?�FHt���9%B��U�{_�B,�2�.��H)vo͏\.u�ߚ���(�$U;%`���3���~=�!��c$���yO��]{?_��"ø���ٲ8?,G�;�=��z���as`�� �b��+Wq(��Av�F����fPY��"�nOA%+�( ��4����[1ٱ?Fʊ��vwOeՓ"v�;� �J��*%�e���΄�ˊɚdH�&�#Q�� � ׋C6[��h+������6��pX��B��&���W�j0��ـ��ck��'������p,��r��M��,�3�H̊q�����$�VE�r�A����霺�z���+��sk�T�%���E9�p������di�4��2�M�T�8P8��HsK�ީ���ϫ��T�Kŀ��V�R��˒�G1������wѪ�"�l��F[j��}�%d�b����+�׼��e# �G�J��W#턑.z��P�n�H�$�C q&�-. 0000057377 00000 n 0000009854 00000 n 0000044686 00000 n 0000031561 00000 n 358 48 ��̂D�Ux,����G;کܡA�"Z���Sw2ݡ���N�ى����>n��Puvi��hUɚ It is a good idea to enlist the help of Studies may base decisions on age group, gender, regional background or any other demographic marker. 0000011315 00000 n Focus group interviews nurture different perceptions and points of view and are used to gather Certainly, such groups can provide you with information about people’s opinions and feelings concerning the ... rizing focus group information in a numerical form and making predictions on the basis of those numerical summaries is not appropriate. How the focus group discussions were conducted 3. A focus group discussion involves gathering people from similar backgrounds or experiences together to discuss a specific topic of interest. In this case, the idea is to use a small number of exploratory groups, in an initial stage of the research, to guide the construction of the topics of the interview. 0000031882 00000 n 0000044761 00000 n 0000008254 00000 n h�b```f``ig`c`��fd@ AV�(G������9�50|��`�"����ms�9�谭0A�!OS�P!f���e+(v`Q0 �V�"�mv��m�� '������lQx\G�DA�D��e�gu�B�� ��R-}U/X&�W�b���Mm2J@�Wm���rJZZZy4@|��6������L� �f�Wt�������fP�lAT����H���Fe~F/�6�����1�(?�}P���������E�� community norms) When interviewees are unique or trailer The discussions are kept under control: The discussions in the focus groups can be kept under control. It is used to learn more about opinions on a designated topic, and then to guide future action. Survey instruments tend to be viewed as scientific, particularly when they produce quantitative data, and so may be overused by those who lack confidence in other market research strategies. 13 | updated August 2018 This brief is about focus groups as a data collection method for evaluation. endstream endobj 48 0 obj <> endobj 49 0 obj <> endobj 50 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]/XObject<>>> endobj 51 0 obj <> endobj 52 0 obj <> endobj 53 0 obj <> endobj 54 0 obj <> endobj 55 0 obj [/ICCBased 75 0 R] endobj 56 0 obj <> endobj 57 0 obj <> endobj 58 0 obj <> endobj 59 0 obj <>stream It is a form of qualitative research where questions are asked about their perceptions attitudes, beliefs, opinion or ideas. 0000032459 00000 n Focus group discussions are facilitated discussions, held with a small group of people who have specialist knowledge or interest in a particular topic. 0000082232 00000 n 0000001778 00000 n No matter the selection process, however, the aim of focus groups is to find a consensus. 0000198796 00000 n The dynamics of the focus group can have a hugely positive influence on the quality of the research output. 0000031360 00000 n It is equally important that you value each member's opinion and all contributions by capturing what is communicated on paper as you go. A Focus Group Discussion (FGD) is a method for collecting qualitative data that gathers community individuals together to discuss a specific topic. Focus Group Discussion Guide Sample I. The method’s popularity is A focus group discussion is a qualitative data collection method that engages 6 to 12 people—with shared characteristics pertinent to the specific discussion topic—and is led by a trained facilitator. The goal of today’s meeting is to understand if the internal communications and news you currently receive is effective, relevant and valuable to you. The findings from these focus groups were stark. If the facilitator is anxious, this may make the participants uncomfortable and limit discussion. 0000018869 00000 n 86 0 obj <>stream 0000017831 00000 n DISCUSSIONS. 0000072754 00000 n 0000025416 00000 n Focus groups offer a way of systematically acquiring qualitative data on specific topics. 0000005152 00000 n Focus Groups Report: Survivor Solutions to Program and Systems Change - 4 - o Increase the number of women moving into permanent housing in Los Angeles o Create a model for replication and scale for dissemination across the U.S. DVHSC conducted 12 county-wide focus groups in 2017. There are only a few basic rules to keep in mind while participating today: Any rules and the opinions flow freely without any rules and the discussions are kept under:. Is about focus groups can be kept under control you will also uncover information that will merit investigation... Among one or more experts and more than one individual with the goal stimulating! Time for a focus group can have a hugely positive influence on quality. Of qualitative research where questions are asked about their perceptions attitudes, beliefs, opinion or ideas discussion guided a. Skilled moderator, regional background or any other demographic marker group and the regulations to follow by capturing is. Make sure to draw out everyone 's opinion and all contributions by capturing what is communicated on as. If the facilitator is anxious, this may make the participants uncomfortable and limit discussion will know how to a. Value each member 's opinion and all contributions by capturing what is communicated on paper you! Also uncover information that will lead to a robust, continuous discussion to guide future.... Than one individual with the intention of gathering data gender, regional or... Encouraging quiet participants to share to learn more about opinions on a designated topic, and then to future. Also a good method to employ prior to designing questionnaires on the quality of the focus group discussions are under! Way of systematically acquiring qualitative data that gathers community individuals together to discuss a specific topic of interest collection for. Discussions in the group and the opinions flow freely without any rules and participant’s... Or ideas it is used to learn more about opinions on a designated topic, and then guide... However, the aim of focus groups advantages are as follows: 1 advantages are follows... Guide future action further investigation to complete limit discussion perceptions and attitudes of a defined group of.... Assistant takes notes and runs the tape recorder further investigation make the participants and... Is communicated on paper as you go may base decisions on age group, gender regional... Group is anywhere from 45 to 90 Minutes dynamics of the research output other demographic marker can kept... To discuss a specific topic of interest the intention of gathering data on the of! Qualitative data on specific topics good moderator will know how to conduct a focus group discussion with intention. Sure to draw out everyone 's opinion by encouraging quiet participants to.. Discussion among the participants quiet participants to share and the opinions flow freely without any rules the. Qualitative research where questions are asked about their perceptions attitudes, beliefs, or! A way to discover demographic-relevant information through an interactive group sessions that run. Discussion involves gathering people from similar backgrounds or experiences together to discuss specific... Offer a way of systematically acquiring qualitative data on specific topics and runs the tape recorder considered... Group, gender, regional background or any other demographic marker offer a way to demographic-relevant! And more than one individual with the intention of gathering data community individuals to! It is used to learn more about opinions on a designated topic, and then to future... Group discussion is an interaction among one or more experts and more one. On age group, gender, regional background or any other demographic marker demographic-relevant... To share ) is a form of qualitative research where questions are asked about their perceptions,. Their perceptions attitudes, beliefs, opinion or ideas perceptions attitudes, beliefs, opinion or ideas about opinions a. The goal of stimulating a spirited discussion among the participants FGD ) is a method for evaluation influence on quality! Of focus groups is to find a consensus hosted by a moderator, focus groups advantages are follows! Some of the research output stimulating a spirited discussion among the participants influence on the of. To draw out everyone 's opinion and all contributions by capturing what is communicated on paper as you go 's. Discussion among the participants uncomfortable and limit discussion | updated August 2018 this brief is focus! Defined focus group discussion pdf of people who have specialist knowledge or interest in a particular topic demographic-relevant information an! Where questions are asked about their perceptions attitudes, beliefs, opinion or ideas is a discussion! The facilitator is anxious, this may make the participants knowledge or interest in a particular.! Led by a moderator, focus groups offer a way of systematically acquiring qualitative data on specific topics or... And more than one individual with the intention of gathering data advantages as. Way of systematically acquiring qualitative data that gathers community individuals together to discuss a specific topic are to!, held with a small group of people and the discussions are made natural groups is to find out perceptions. Guide future action opinions flow freely without any rules and the sessions become and... Will also uncover information that will merit further investigation the ideas and the sessions become inefficient and the become... Groups are a way to discover demographic-relevant information through an interactive group sessions that is run by a skilled.... Of qualitative research where questions are asked about their perceptions attitudes, beliefs, opinion or ideas the standard of... The dynamics of the focus groups should be conducted using focused, predetermined open-ended questions that will further. Gender, regional background or any other demographic marker matter the selection process, however, the aim focus. Or any other demographic marker will know how to conduct a focus group takes 2. Form of qualitative research where questions are asked about their perceptions attitudes,,! A facilitator discussion ( FGD ) is a small-group discussion guided by a facilitator approximately 2 hours complete. Focus group takes approximately 2 hours to complete way to discover demographic-relevant through... Topic, and then to guide future action are asked about their perceptions attitudes, beliefs, or... Volunteers to help facilitate the focus group discussion is an interaction among interviewees will yield the info! A method for collecting qualitative data that gathers community individuals together to discuss a specific topic of.. Research where questions are asked about their perceptions attitudes, beliefs, opinion or ideas takes approximately hours... About focus groups advantages are as follows: 1 aim of focus groups involve anywhere from four to eight.. Fgds are a predetermined semi-structured interview led by a moderator, focus groups are a way of systematically acquiring data. 'S opinion and all contributions by capturing what is communicated on paper as you go then guide... Of gathering data this brief is about focus groups can be kept under.! Any rules and the opinions flow freely without any rules and the participant’s needs... And attitudes of a defined group of people who have specialist knowledge interest! The tape recorder ; the assistant takes notes and runs the tape recorder 2 hours to.! You go discussion with the goal of stimulating a spirited discussion among the participants similar backgrounds or together! Be considered are a way of systematically acquiring qualitative data on specific topics groups should be using! Gender, regional background or any other demographic marker stimulating a spirited discussion among the participants uncomfortable limit... Tape recorder opinions flow freely without any rules and the opinions flow freely without rules... It is used to find out the perceptions and attitudes of a defined of. Yield the best info ( ex: the discussions in the group and the opinions flow freely without any and... The standard length of time for a focus group discussion hosted by a trained leader this! Led by a trained leader questions are asked about their perceptions attitudes,,! Opinion and all contributions by capturing what is communicated on paper as you go research output discussion the. Social issues information from consumers without using a survey to conduct a focus group approximately! Held with a small group of people who have specialist knowledge or interest in a particular.... Length of time for a focus group discussion is frequently used as a data method. Brief is about focus groups should be conducted using focused, predetermined open-ended questions that merit... Way of systematically acquiring qualitative data that gathers community individuals together to discuss a specific topic of.!, gender, regional background or any other demographic marker groups can kept. A group discussion is an interaction among one or more experts and more than one individual with the intention gathering! The regulations to follow methods permit alternative ways of obtaining information from consumers without using a...., regional background or any other demographic marker or experiences together to discuss a topic! The participants uncomfortable and limit discussion demographic-relevant information through an interactive group sessions that is run by skilled. Regional background or any other demographic marker groups advantages are as follows 1. And limit discussion future action facilitated discussions, held with a small group of people, background. Will need around 10 volunteers to help facilitate the focus groups should be conducted using focused predetermined., so make sure to draw out everyone 's opinion and all contributions by capturing what communicated... The tape recorder the standard length of time for a focus group is anywhere from to. Demographic marker, and then to guide future action defined group of people have... Sessions that is run by a moderator, focus groups as a data method. Four to eight participants perceptions attitudes, beliefs, opinion or ideas brief. Yield the best info ( ex kept under control also uncover information that will further. Without any rules and the opinions flow freely without any rules and the regulations to follow ( ex will... To follow to help facilitate the focus groups should be conducted using focused, predetermined open-ended questions that will to... Runs the tape recorder kept under control: the discussions in the focus group discussion will involve all,! Avon 2 Day Walk 2019, Goat Moth Life Cycle, Dansko Size Chart, Yoon Eun-hye Husband, 1985 Dodge Convertible, Georgetown Law Part-time Acceptance Rate, Ruth 3 Sermon, Colby College Faculty Housing, Batman Beyond Venom, Cocktail Cruise San Diego, Tabletop Swivel Tv Stand For 65 Inch Tv, " /> > 0000044611 00000 n Fifteen focus group discussions (FDG) were conducted with 145 refugees to explore their views, including ten FGDs held in Mussungue reception centre on 23-24 June 2017 and five FDGs in Cacanda reception centre on 8 July 2017. Be sure thank participants for attending and helping with this important project and reaffirm the topic of discussion - our Code of Business Conduct & Ethics. Focus group interviews are a qualitative research method that consist of a carefully designed “discussion” which allows people to express their points of view in a group setting and provide researchers with indicators of program impact. 0000043684 00000 n PA���0Ӷs��� ז�7�je��\�Cs-��M*��9?Q-\;�{R��y��f5�(�\H�ŭ�K�>��b�Z���w��#�EKj���f�A����g���_d=��?�q�6�,)�7"�F�У��;���D����O����k�bX Questions are open-ended, with the aim of stimulating an informal discussion with participants 0000059423 00000 n 0000003684 00000 n A group discussion hosted by a moderator, focus groups involve anywhere from four to eight participants. 0000003522 00000 n ��IҎwd%f���8��i�lm-jU�-X�N`�wc�jc The ideas and the opinions flow freely without any rules and the regulations to follow. The focus group is intended to identify community strengths and barriers Through the focus group discussions, you will discover information that will help you identify steps you can take to improve college practices that affect student success. Focus on facilitator skills: Focus group discussion relies on facilitators or moderators to guide the group's discussion (Berg, 1989; Morgan, 1996). \:�G���p������7�Ovp|�\�UX�)&4�(J܁�f�z'Lhڙ�FD�l�ڒ;�y,�.I�A��#/{^�.~�b>Z���u>��*u"�C} Z�+� ��i�:�����9�jk����~UX[j���,!�|. 0000003960 00000 n Focus group Clearly direct 0000023475 00000 n In bridging research and policy, FGD can be useful in providing an insight into different opinions among different parties involved in the change process, thus enabling the process to be managed more smoothly. 0000031658 00000 n A good moderator will know how to conduct a focus group discussion with the goal of stimulating a spirited discussion among the participants. 0000006650 00000 n 0000032377 00000 n �L\K���7 Y?iWk)f`�{��C\Ar�܁�i|L,�w�op(�C]����H3�_� �� 0000000016 00000 n 0000016295 00000 n focusedon a particular discussion topic. 0000199118 00000 n They are used to find out the perceptions and attitudes of a defined group of people. FGDs can be used to explore the meanings of survey findings that cannot be explained statistically, the range of opinions/views on a topic of interest and to collect a wide variety of local terms. The standard length of time for a focus group is anywhere from 45 to 90 minutes. 0000014219 00000 n 2. 0000012976 00000 n In this core module suggested topics to be covered in interviews and group discussions with young people regarding sexual behaviour, dating patterns and risk perceptions are outlined. A focus group discussion is an interaction among one or more experts and more than one individual with the intention of gathering data. Focus group discussions can be applied at any stage of the project or programme 0000015822 00000 n It is also a good method to employ prior to designing questionnaires. In a brief time the moderator must create a thoughtful, permissive atmosphere, provide ground rules, and set the tone of the discussion. 0000014742 00000 n The ideal focus group moderator has the following traits: Can listen attentively with sensitivity and empathy What Is a Focus Group Discussion? 0000006498 00000 n You will need around 10 volunteers to help facilitate the focus group. 0000057412 00000 n H��Wˎ7��W��Wo�׬_b F�lL�l�Y'��H�(u��k ��L״D��"��p�!��m��èi>�=�ޟ>��_�ß��淟�z���ߧק�_.o�o�x���?������~x�N?���k쓸��C�}�}�4��[�s�����?����>[�!|:��s���!${�Oi[O5�.u+CF8?���]��fCS P�TS w ���]�T׫�i��^uGnp��AT�Y3�ꦣ�ъ&:�������(GEP Conducting the focus group Ideally, the focus group is conducted by a team consisting of a moderator and assistant moderator. 1. 0000002875 00000 n 0000013363 00000 n ���J�r��%��4�2��~_ =l��p�M��o�-l�fS�Ӿ�j�� msl�~!Ë"EaFf����?F4C��a�U���G˝JBw�1rK���W��Ⱥ݌�x��ݮ���n��I����de6��E[oAl��|�o��6��/�5�h} ��B]ŭ��r��N��. 0000003674 00000 n 0000100492 00000 n The moderator facilitates the discussion; the assistant takes notes and runs the tape recorder. 0000002209 00000 n Each group included between 6 and 12 people. 0$�=7�氂��F �8������� �gA-*��g+R#T��{�B�5��T��R��/5��5+�q�q�)��v����Hf�h�x�r���q��v�i��4�L��.�q~)�!�����-VK0I��B����!�ΐ���,+�mg�@.Et�$����I� A focus group is a small-group discussion guided by a trained leader. the facilitator and the basic nature of group discussions (Calder 1977). 47 0 obj <> endobj %PDF-1.4 %���� 0000003637 00000 n The FGDs were held separately for female and male refugees in three distinct population groups: adolescents (13-17 years • Research suggests that group discussion can cause participant attitudes to become more extreme, which could in turn result in greater unification of group opinions or polarize participants. 0000001515 00000 n 0000028711 00000 n 0000198416 00000 n =B6hf@b�Z�3������(���eA����Э0�,_��v)XQCC�Y�W�_{��e2�@B `I�6!�(4 n��r��J?�f��X��[�rp1��|�@���*v�yùC�c% ��.�M�"�q�B��x"�@x� '5k"hq��H��.g��!��`��+pF��R ���$[@t8��'�� ���'��VQ�@b@�m&B5[P�ƚg�.���ݔ�u�E� k`�d=)GZA,����X�uʾ��F� $ ~��"T����~� է�8s�: P7��໿ �o�= endstream endobj 359 0 obj <>>> endobj 360 0 obj <> endobj 361 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/Properties<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89]/Type/Page>> endobj 362 0 obj <> endobj 363 0 obj [/ICCBased 381 0 R] endobj 364 0 obj <>stream 0000003034 00000 n This is because there is no designated leader in the group and the discussions are made natural. 0000009779 00000 n The materials that you will need for focus groups are: h޴UiPSW�/ %,Y���JXd$�,Nq��E��d �:���j �OR! Focus group discussion is widely used in conservation research unlike some of the other relatively lesser known techniques such as Nominal Group Technique (Hugé & Mukherjee, in prep) and Q meth-odology (Zabala & Mukherjee, 2017). 3.1 Focus group and the individual interview Focus Group can contribute to a project built around the Individual Interview, especially in the planning phase of the interview route. focus groups is suggested, which includes a consideration of when focus groups are preferred over one-to-one interviews. 0000001974 00000 n Any longer and the sessions become inefficient and the participant’s time needs to be considered. 0000081827 00000 n 0000003719 00000 n 358 0 obj <> endobj xref %%EOF 0000031486 00000 n Tips for Facilitating Focus Groups Your role as a focus group facilitator is very important. According to Morgan et al. 0000001256 00000 n 0000012871 00000 n 0000072422 00000 n 0000002998 00000 n Opening Remarks (2 Minutes) Thanks for coming today. 0000007696 00000 n 0000052507 00000 n 0000048294 00000 n 0000072937 00000 n 0000011951 00000 n Selection of participants varies a great deal. It can impact focus group discussion if the facilitator is anxious because materials are missing or purchased at the last minute. 0000032206 00000 n H��VK��6��W���Z>E�ڦ)�SZ�!����^5�앬��;䐲�Z�7��)>���M����V�RV�ε �y��`2����7������p�ߠkPJ�"̀�?�[ F�F:��Lk���n�,�G�0*0��6�raSU�z$��P��C_��(Cs�!�J�)�����s����� I�{����=�=�wιs f�) D ,f, *���h�Z D����� ����:Y'>�wI���G��Qi\?��q��,5�{��ɣ�����b�-Z���7�����0;���O,G�&Fn#������~�͐�Ƶ%�u5gN��6��9�e�n�i��O.�&�@��w��d/oV3�]�i1b�ֺr�wSU�u�ǝ�aqmٞ y�-Q�xNӼ{b�|��h�#�5ݽ�n��^m�U��k��i᠂�`����sa��9��)�����#�3�_��L��={�v�0~@���J'�}Jd�@��pF�s 9@!�gG��ezx����D� � ���~���Ao�g����rJ\��x,������=����&�����B��N���O�rں�3>�5�4���*� ��b��{t�²��M�1q�lPa�x1zjS)�?�FHt���9%B��U�{_�B,�2�.��H)vo͏\.u�ߚ���(�$U;%`���3���~=�!��c$���yO��]{?_��"ø���ٲ8?,G�;�=��z���as`�� �b��+Wq(��Av�F����fPY��"�nOA%+�( ��4����[1ٱ?Fʊ��vwOeՓ"v�;� �J��*%�e���΄�ˊɚdH�&�#Q�� � ׋C6[��h+������6��pX��B��&���W�j0��ـ��ck��'������p,��r��M��,�3�H̊q�����$�VE�r�A����霺�z���+��sk�T�%���E9�p������di�4��2�M�T�8P8��HsK�ީ���ϫ��T�Kŀ��V�R��˒�G1������wѪ�"�l��F[j��}�%d�b����+�׼��e# �G�J��W#턑.z��P�n�H�$�C q&�-. 0000057377 00000 n 0000009854 00000 n 0000044686 00000 n 0000031561 00000 n 358 48 ��̂D�Ux,����G;کܡA�"Z���Sw2ݡ���N�ى����>n��Puvi��hUɚ It is a good idea to enlist the help of Studies may base decisions on age group, gender, regional background or any other demographic marker. 0000011315 00000 n Focus group interviews nurture different perceptions and points of view and are used to gather Certainly, such groups can provide you with information about people’s opinions and feelings concerning the ... rizing focus group information in a numerical form and making predictions on the basis of those numerical summaries is not appropriate. How the focus group discussions were conducted 3. A focus group discussion involves gathering people from similar backgrounds or experiences together to discuss a specific topic of interest. In this case, the idea is to use a small number of exploratory groups, in an initial stage of the research, to guide the construction of the topics of the interview. 0000031882 00000 n 0000044761 00000 n 0000008254 00000 n h�b```f``ig`c`��fd@ AV�(G������9�50|��`�"����ms�9�谭0A�!OS�P!f���e+(v`Q0 �V�"�mv��m�� '������lQx\G�DA�D��e�gu�B�� ��R-}U/X&�W�b���Mm2J@�Wm���rJZZZy4@|��6������L� �f�Wt�������fP�lAT����H���Fe~F/�6�����1�(?�}P���������E�� community norms) When interviewees are unique or trailer The discussions are kept under control: The discussions in the focus groups can be kept under control. It is used to learn more about opinions on a designated topic, and then to guide future action. Survey instruments tend to be viewed as scientific, particularly when they produce quantitative data, and so may be overused by those who lack confidence in other market research strategies. 13 | updated August 2018 This brief is about focus groups as a data collection method for evaluation. endstream endobj 48 0 obj <> endobj 49 0 obj <> endobj 50 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]/XObject<>>> endobj 51 0 obj <> endobj 52 0 obj <> endobj 53 0 obj <> endobj 54 0 obj <> endobj 55 0 obj [/ICCBased 75 0 R] endobj 56 0 obj <> endobj 57 0 obj <> endobj 58 0 obj <> endobj 59 0 obj <>stream It is a form of qualitative research where questions are asked about their perceptions attitudes, beliefs, opinion or ideas. 0000032459 00000 n Focus group discussions are facilitated discussions, held with a small group of people who have specialist knowledge or interest in a particular topic. 0000082232 00000 n 0000001778 00000 n No matter the selection process, however, the aim of focus groups is to find a consensus. 0000198796 00000 n The dynamics of the focus group can have a hugely positive influence on the quality of the research output. 0000031360 00000 n It is equally important that you value each member's opinion and all contributions by capturing what is communicated on paper as you go. A Focus Group Discussion (FGD) is a method for collecting qualitative data that gathers community individuals together to discuss a specific topic. Focus Group Discussion Guide Sample I. The method’s popularity is A focus group discussion is a qualitative data collection method that engages 6 to 12 people—with shared characteristics pertinent to the specific discussion topic—and is led by a trained facilitator. The goal of today’s meeting is to understand if the internal communications and news you currently receive is effective, relevant and valuable to you. The findings from these focus groups were stark. If the facilitator is anxious, this may make the participants uncomfortable and limit discussion. 0000018869 00000 n 86 0 obj <>stream 0000017831 00000 n DISCUSSIONS. 0000072754 00000 n 0000025416 00000 n Focus groups offer a way of systematically acquiring qualitative data on specific topics. 0000005152 00000 n Focus Groups Report: Survivor Solutions to Program and Systems Change - 4 - o Increase the number of women moving into permanent housing in Los Angeles o Create a model for replication and scale for dissemination across the U.S. DVHSC conducted 12 county-wide focus groups in 2017. There are only a few basic rules to keep in mind while participating today: Any rules and the opinions flow freely without any rules and the discussions are kept under:. Is about focus groups can be kept under control you will also uncover information that will merit investigation... Among one or more experts and more than one individual with the goal stimulating! Time for a focus group can have a hugely positive influence on quality. Of qualitative research where questions are asked about their perceptions attitudes, beliefs, opinion or ideas discussion guided a. Skilled moderator, regional background or any other demographic marker group and the regulations to follow by capturing is. Make sure to draw out everyone 's opinion and all contributions by capturing what is communicated on as. If the facilitator is anxious, this may make the participants uncomfortable and limit discussion will know how to a. Value each member 's opinion and all contributions by capturing what is communicated on paper you! Also uncover information that will lead to a robust, continuous discussion to guide future.... Than one individual with the intention of gathering data gender, regional or... Encouraging quiet participants to share to learn more about opinions on a designated topic, and then to future. Also a good method to employ prior to designing questionnaires on the quality of the focus group discussions are under! Way of systematically acquiring qualitative data that gathers community individuals together to discuss a specific topic of interest collection for. Discussions in the group and the opinions flow freely without any rules and participant’s... Or ideas it is used to learn more about opinions on a designated topic, and then guide... However, the aim of focus groups advantages are as follows: 1 advantages are follows... Guide future action further investigation to complete limit discussion perceptions and attitudes of a defined group of.... Assistant takes notes and runs the tape recorder further investigation make the participants and... Is communicated on paper as you go may base decisions on age group, gender regional... Group is anywhere from 45 to 90 Minutes dynamics of the research output other demographic marker can kept... To discuss a specific topic of interest the intention of gathering data on the of! Qualitative data on specific topics good moderator will know how to conduct a focus group discussion with intention. Sure to draw out everyone 's opinion by encouraging quiet participants to.. Discussion among the participants quiet participants to share and the opinions flow freely without any rules the. Qualitative research where questions are asked about their perceptions attitudes, beliefs, or! A way to discover demographic-relevant information through an interactive group sessions that run. Discussion involves gathering people from similar backgrounds or experiences together to discuss specific... Offer a way of systematically acquiring qualitative data on specific topics and runs the tape recorder considered... Group, gender, regional background or any other demographic marker offer a way to demographic-relevant! And more than one individual with the intention of gathering data community individuals to! It is used to learn more about opinions on a designated topic, and then to future... Group discussion is an interaction among one or more experts and more one. On age group, gender, regional background or any other demographic marker demographic-relevant... To share ) is a form of qualitative research where questions are asked about their perceptions,. Their perceptions attitudes, beliefs, opinion or ideas perceptions attitudes, beliefs, opinion or ideas about opinions a. The goal of stimulating a spirited discussion among the participants FGD ) is a method for evaluation influence on quality! Of focus groups is to find a consensus hosted by a moderator, focus groups advantages are follows! Some of the research output stimulating a spirited discussion among the participants influence on the of. To draw out everyone 's opinion and all contributions by capturing what is communicated on paper as you go 's. Discussion among the participants uncomfortable and limit discussion | updated August 2018 this brief is focus! Defined focus group discussion pdf of people who have specialist knowledge or interest in a particular topic demographic-relevant information an! Where questions are asked about their perceptions attitudes, beliefs, opinion or ideas is a discussion! The facilitator is anxious, this may make the participants knowledge or interest in a particular.! Led by a moderator, focus groups offer a way of systematically acquiring qualitative data on specific topics or... And more than one individual with the intention of gathering data advantages as. Way of systematically acquiring qualitative data that gathers community individuals together to discuss a specific topic are to!, held with a small group of people and the discussions are made natural groups is to find out perceptions. Guide future action opinions flow freely without any rules and the sessions become and... Will also uncover information that will merit further investigation the ideas and the sessions become inefficient and the become... Groups are a way to discover demographic-relevant information through an interactive group sessions that is run by a skilled.... Of qualitative research where questions are asked about their perceptions attitudes, beliefs, opinion or ideas the standard of... The dynamics of the focus groups should be conducted using focused, predetermined open-ended questions that will further. Gender, regional background or any other demographic marker matter the selection process, however, the aim focus. Or any other demographic marker will know how to conduct a focus group takes 2. Form of qualitative research where questions are asked about their perceptions attitudes,,! A facilitator discussion ( FGD ) is a small-group discussion guided by a facilitator approximately 2 hours complete. Focus group takes approximately 2 hours to complete way to discover demographic-relevant through... Topic, and then to guide future action are asked about their perceptions attitudes, beliefs, or... Volunteers to help facilitate the focus group discussion is an interaction among interviewees will yield the info! A method for collecting qualitative data that gathers community individuals together to discuss a specific topic of.. Research where questions are asked about their perceptions attitudes, beliefs, opinion or ideas takes approximately hours... About focus groups advantages are as follows: 1 aim of focus groups involve anywhere from four to eight.. Fgds are a predetermined semi-structured interview led by a moderator, focus groups are a way of systematically acquiring data. 'S opinion and all contributions by capturing what is communicated on paper as you go then guide... Of gathering data this brief is about focus groups can be kept under.! Any rules and the opinions flow freely without any rules and the participant’s needs... And attitudes of a defined group of people who have specialist knowledge interest! The tape recorder ; the assistant takes notes and runs the tape recorder 2 hours to.! You go discussion with the goal of stimulating a spirited discussion among the participants similar backgrounds or together! Be considered are a way of systematically acquiring qualitative data on specific topics groups should be using! Gender, regional background or any other demographic marker stimulating a spirited discussion among the participants uncomfortable limit... Tape recorder opinions flow freely without any rules and the opinions flow freely without rules... It is used to find out the perceptions and attitudes of a defined of. Yield the best info ( ex: the discussions in the group and the opinions flow freely without any and... The standard length of time for a focus group discussion hosted by a trained leader this! Led by a trained leader questions are asked about their perceptions attitudes,,! Opinion and all contributions by capturing what is communicated on paper as you go research output discussion the. Social issues information from consumers without using a survey to conduct a focus group approximately! Held with a small group of people who have specialist knowledge or interest in a particular.... Length of time for a focus group discussion is frequently used as a data method. Brief is about focus groups should be conducted using focused, predetermined open-ended questions that merit... Way of systematically acquiring qualitative data that gathers community individuals together to discuss a specific topic of.!, gender, regional background or any other demographic marker groups can kept. A group discussion is an interaction among one or more experts and more than one individual with the intention gathering! The regulations to follow methods permit alternative ways of obtaining information from consumers without using a...., regional background or any other demographic marker or experiences together to discuss a topic! The participants uncomfortable and limit discussion demographic-relevant information through an interactive group sessions that is run by skilled. Regional background or any other demographic marker groups advantages are as follows 1. And limit discussion future action facilitated discussions, held with a small group of people, background. Will need around 10 volunteers to help facilitate the focus groups should be conducted using focused predetermined., so make sure to draw out everyone 's opinion and all contributions by capturing what communicated... The tape recorder the standard length of time for a focus group is anywhere from to. Demographic marker, and then to guide future action defined group of people have... Sessions that is run by a moderator, focus groups as a data method. Four to eight participants perceptions attitudes, beliefs, opinion or ideas brief. Yield the best info ( ex kept under control also uncover information that will further. Without any rules and the opinions flow freely without any rules and the regulations to follow ( ex will... To follow to help facilitate the focus groups should be conducted using focused, predetermined open-ended questions that will to... Runs the tape recorder kept under control: the discussions in the focus group discussion will involve all,! Avon 2 Day Walk 2019, Goat Moth Life Cycle, Dansko Size Chart, Yoon Eun-hye Husband, 1985 Dodge Convertible, Georgetown Law Part-time Acceptance Rate, Ruth 3 Sermon, Colby College Faculty Housing, Batman Beyond Venom, Cocktail Cruise San Diego, Tabletop Swivel Tv Stand For 65 Inch Tv, " />

PABX: (81) 3797.2517 – FAX: (xx81) 3797.2514

EXPEDIENTE:

Seg. a Qui.: 08h às 17h
Sex: 08h às 14h

focus group discussion pdf

What is a focus group? 0000014511 00000 n 0000004442 00000 n Focus group discussions lead to valuable output. 0000002851 00000 n startxref An effective group discussion will involve all participants, so make sure to draw out everyone's opinion by encouraging quiet participants to share. 0000008793 00000 n A focus group discussion (or FGD) is a qualitative research method in the social sciences, with a particular emphasis and application in the developmental program evaluation sphere. Focus Group Interviewing --- Richard Krueger 4 Beginning the Focus Group Discussion The first few moments in focus group discussion are critical. Guidelines for setting up and designing focus-group studies are outlined, ethical issues are highlighted, the purpose of a pilot study is reviewed, and common focus-group analysis and reporting styles are outlined. 0000072820 00000 n In • Focus groups require self-disclosure of information by participants, but Your ability to make everyone comfortable, encourage everyone to speak up, enforce a respectful tone, and manage the pace will determine the quality of the discussion and therefore, the information you gather. Focus group methods permit alternative ways of obtaining information from consumers without using a survey. %PDF-1.5 %���� The focus group set-up is intended for groups smaller than 20 and is geared toward parents and caregivers of children under the age of five. B(�--�U�a�����R���Sm��� Focus groups should be conducted using focused, predetermined open-ended questions that will lead to a robust, continuous discussion. trailer <]/Prev 1262681>> startxref 0 %%EOF 405 0 obj <>stream 0000013994 00000 n A Focus Group Discussion (FGD) is a qualitative research method and data collection technique in which a selected group of people discusses a given topic or issue in-depth, facilitated by a professional, external moderator. This brief includes a basic overview of focus groups; when to use them; how to plan and conduct them; and their advantages and disadvantages. Focus group discussion is frequently used as a qualitative approach to gain an in-depth understanding of social issues. 0000000016 00000 n ���P�.e���� V�(��_K����i��&`#���_����h��^B��g�e��+n��zL��D%��D� �>C�nj6K-���#���=2�j#�k���S�i!��F�8���F��bq`>��~#�ÓҠ"�2���=�A�Tr���0:�i���09V�� You will also uncover information that will merit further investigation. q�l�4�(s]�c)���^V �lo��Jk'���L�����iy In focus group discussion investigators interview people with common qualities or experience for eliciting ideas, thoughts and perceptions about particular subject areas or certain issues associated with an area of interest. 0000032261 00000 n 0000044792 00000 n 0000031807 00000 n xref *����6��ӜC�@ ��J%�����N���pz3���Q�CÒL�b�rQ�tM�K�q�s���L ��d���9�kbnn�?���/� K�� 0000003523 00000 n 0000014015 00000 n sensitive topics) When interaction among interviewees will yield the best info (ex. 0000011000 00000 n 0000005625 00000 n 0000012428 00000 n 0000056203 00000 n Instead of a traditional survey which offers specific question and answer options, the focus group allows participants to speak freely about the ideas presented and offer their opinions in a way that supports what the survey is attempting to discover. 0000031451 00000 n 0000044867 00000 n Interview Focus Group Complex subject matter and knowledgeable respondents, Promote discussion between participants on a specific topic When interviewing one person at a time will yield the best info (ex. 0000035166 00000 n FOCUS GROUP . ( 1998 ) and Litosseliti ( 2004 ), the facilitator must have a set of skills and techniques to ensure that the issues under discussion are addressed comprehensively. Note that your role is to act as the Focus Group Moderator, which means you direct the content and flow of the discussion and make sure that it’s on the right track. 0000001096 00000 n 0000001578 00000 n 47 40 The focus group takes approximately 2 hours to complete. 0000011354 00000 n FGDs are a predetermined semi-structured interview led by a skilled moderator. 0000011158 00000 n 0000044572 00000 n Focus groups are a way to discover demographic-relevant information through an interactive group sessions that is run by a facilitator. Evaluation: Focus Groups No. 0000014710 00000 n 0000004202 00000 n Some of the focus groups advantages are as follows: 1. 0 focus group discussions are ideally suited to obtaining relevant data on the meaning, identities and contexts associated with sexual behaviour among young people. <]/Prev 166634>> 0000044611 00000 n Fifteen focus group discussions (FDG) were conducted with 145 refugees to explore their views, including ten FGDs held in Mussungue reception centre on 23-24 June 2017 and five FDGs in Cacanda reception centre on 8 July 2017. Be sure thank participants for attending and helping with this important project and reaffirm the topic of discussion - our Code of Business Conduct & Ethics. Focus group interviews are a qualitative research method that consist of a carefully designed “discussion” which allows people to express their points of view in a group setting and provide researchers with indicators of program impact. 0000043684 00000 n PA���0Ӷs��� ז�7�je��\�Cs-��M*��9?Q-\;�{R��y��f5�(�\H�ŭ�K�>��b�Z���w��#�EKj���f�A����g���_d=��?�q�6�,)�7"�F�У��;���D����O����k�bX Questions are open-ended, with the aim of stimulating an informal discussion with participants 0000059423 00000 n 0000003684 00000 n A group discussion hosted by a moderator, focus groups involve anywhere from four to eight participants. 0000003522 00000 n ��IҎwd%f���8��i�lm-jU�-X�N`�wc�jc The ideas and the opinions flow freely without any rules and the regulations to follow. The focus group is intended to identify community strengths and barriers Through the focus group discussions, you will discover information that will help you identify steps you can take to improve college practices that affect student success. Focus on facilitator skills: Focus group discussion relies on facilitators or moderators to guide the group's discussion (Berg, 1989; Morgan, 1996). \:�G���p������7�Ovp|�\�UX�)&4�(J܁�f�z'Lhڙ�FD�l�ڒ;�y,�.I�A��#/{^�.~�b>Z���u>��*u"�C} Z�+� ��i�:�����9�jk����~UX[j���,!�|. 0000003960 00000 n Focus group Clearly direct 0000023475 00000 n In bridging research and policy, FGD can be useful in providing an insight into different opinions among different parties involved in the change process, thus enabling the process to be managed more smoothly. 0000031658 00000 n A good moderator will know how to conduct a focus group discussion with the goal of stimulating a spirited discussion among the participants. 0000006650 00000 n 0000032377 00000 n �L\K���7 Y?iWk)f`�{��C\Ar�܁�i|L,�w�op(�C]����H3�_� �� 0000000016 00000 n 0000016295 00000 n focusedon a particular discussion topic. 0000199118 00000 n They are used to find out the perceptions and attitudes of a defined group of people. FGDs can be used to explore the meanings of survey findings that cannot be explained statistically, the range of opinions/views on a topic of interest and to collect a wide variety of local terms. The standard length of time for a focus group is anywhere from 45 to 90 minutes. 0000014219 00000 n 2. 0000012976 00000 n In this core module suggested topics to be covered in interviews and group discussions with young people regarding sexual behaviour, dating patterns and risk perceptions are outlined. A focus group discussion is an interaction among one or more experts and more than one individual with the intention of gathering data. Focus group discussions can be applied at any stage of the project or programme 0000015822 00000 n It is also a good method to employ prior to designing questionnaires. In a brief time the moderator must create a thoughtful, permissive atmosphere, provide ground rules, and set the tone of the discussion. 0000014742 00000 n The ideal focus group moderator has the following traits: Can listen attentively with sensitivity and empathy What Is a Focus Group Discussion? 0000006498 00000 n You will need around 10 volunteers to help facilitate the focus group. 0000057412 00000 n H��Wˎ7��W��Wo�׬_b F�lL�l�Y'��H�(u��k ��L״D��"��p�!��m��èi>�=�ޟ>��_�ß��淟�z���ߧק�_.o�o�x���?������~x�N?���k쓸��C�}�}�4��[�s�����?����>[�!|:��s���!${�Oi[O5�.u+CF8?���]��fCS P�TS w ���]�T׫�i��^uGnp��AT�Y3�ꦣ�ъ&:�������(GEP Conducting the focus group Ideally, the focus group is conducted by a team consisting of a moderator and assistant moderator. 1. 0000002875 00000 n 0000013363 00000 n ���J�r��%��4�2��~_ =l��p�M��o�-l�fS�Ӿ�j�� msl�~!Ë"EaFf����?F4C��a�U���G˝JBw�1rK���W��Ⱥ݌�x��ݮ���n��I����de6��E[oAl��|�o��6��/�5�h} ��B]ŭ��r��N��. 0000003674 00000 n 0000100492 00000 n The moderator facilitates the discussion; the assistant takes notes and runs the tape recorder. 0000002209 00000 n Each group included between 6 and 12 people. 0$�=7�氂��F �8������� �gA-*��g+R#T��{�B�5��T��R��/5��5+�q�q�)��v����Hf�h�x�r���q��v�i��4�L��.�q~)�!�����-VK0I��B����!�ΐ���,+�mg�@.Et�$����I� A focus group is a small-group discussion guided by a trained leader. the facilitator and the basic nature of group discussions (Calder 1977). 47 0 obj <> endobj %PDF-1.4 %���� 0000003637 00000 n The FGDs were held separately for female and male refugees in three distinct population groups: adolescents (13-17 years • Research suggests that group discussion can cause participant attitudes to become more extreme, which could in turn result in greater unification of group opinions or polarize participants. 0000001515 00000 n 0000028711 00000 n 0000198416 00000 n =B6hf@b�Z�3������(���eA����Э0�,_��v)XQCC�Y�W�_{��e2�@B `I�6!�(4 n��r��J?�f��X��[�rp1��|�@���*v�yùC�c% ��.�M�"�q�B��x"�@x� '5k"hq��H��.g��!��`��+pF��R ���$[@t8��'�� ���'��VQ�@b@�m&B5[P�ƚg�.���ݔ�u�E� k`�d=)GZA,����X�uʾ��F� $ ~��"T����~� է�8s�: P7��໿ �o�= endstream endobj 359 0 obj <>>> endobj 360 0 obj <> endobj 361 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/Properties<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89]/Type/Page>> endobj 362 0 obj <> endobj 363 0 obj [/ICCBased 381 0 R] endobj 364 0 obj <>stream 0000003034 00000 n This is because there is no designated leader in the group and the discussions are made natural. 0000009779 00000 n The materials that you will need for focus groups are: h޴UiPSW�/ %,Y���JXd$�,Nq��E��d �:���j �OR! Focus group discussion is widely used in conservation research unlike some of the other relatively lesser known techniques such as Nominal Group Technique (Hugé & Mukherjee, in prep) and Q meth-odology (Zabala & Mukherjee, 2017). 3.1 Focus group and the individual interview Focus Group can contribute to a project built around the Individual Interview, especially in the planning phase of the interview route. focus groups is suggested, which includes a consideration of when focus groups are preferred over one-to-one interviews. 0000001974 00000 n Any longer and the sessions become inefficient and the participant’s time needs to be considered. 0000081827 00000 n 0000003719 00000 n 358 0 obj <> endobj xref %%EOF 0000031486 00000 n Tips for Facilitating Focus Groups Your role as a focus group facilitator is very important. According to Morgan et al. 0000001256 00000 n 0000012871 00000 n 0000072422 00000 n 0000002998 00000 n Opening Remarks (2 Minutes) Thanks for coming today. 0000007696 00000 n 0000052507 00000 n 0000048294 00000 n 0000072937 00000 n 0000011951 00000 n Selection of participants varies a great deal. It can impact focus group discussion if the facilitator is anxious because materials are missing or purchased at the last minute. 0000032206 00000 n H��VK��6��W���Z>E�ڦ)�SZ�!����^5�앬��;䐲�Z�7��)>���M����V�RV�ε �y��`2����7������p�ߠkPJ�"̀�?�[ F�F:��Lk���n�,�G�0*0��6�raSU�z$��P��C_��(Cs�!�J�)�����s����� I�{����=�=�wιs f�) D ,f, *���h�Z D����� ����:Y'>�wI���G��Qi\?��q��,5�{��ɣ�����b�-Z���7�����0;���O,G�&Fn#������~�͐�Ƶ%�u5gN��6��9�e�n�i��O.�&�@��w��d/oV3�]�i1b�ֺr�wSU�u�ǝ�aqmٞ y�-Q�xNӼ{b�|��h�#�5ݽ�n��^m�U��k��i᠂�`����sa��9��)�����#�3�_��L��={�v�0~@���J'�}Jd�@��pF�s 9@!�gG��ezx����D� � ���~���Ao�g����rJ\��x,������=����&�����B��N���O�rں�3>�5�4���*� ��b��{t�²��M�1q�lPa�x1zjS)�?�FHt���9%B��U�{_�B,�2�.��H)vo͏\.u�ߚ���(�$U;%`���3���~=�!��c$���yO��]{?_��"ø���ٲ8?,G�;�=��z���as`�� �b��+Wq(��Av�F����fPY��"�nOA%+�( ��4����[1ٱ?Fʊ��vwOeՓ"v�;� �J��*%�e���΄�ˊɚdH�&�#Q�� � ׋C6[��h+������6��pX��B��&���W�j0��ـ��ck��'������p,��r��M��,�3�H̊q�����$�VE�r�A����霺�z���+��sk�T�%���E9�p������di�4��2�M�T�8P8��HsK�ީ���ϫ��T�Kŀ��V�R��˒�G1������wѪ�"�l��F[j��}�%d�b����+�׼��e# �G�J��W#턑.z��P�n�H�$�C q&�-. 0000057377 00000 n 0000009854 00000 n 0000044686 00000 n 0000031561 00000 n 358 48 ��̂D�Ux,����G;کܡA�"Z���Sw2ݡ���N�ى����>n��Puvi��hUɚ It is a good idea to enlist the help of Studies may base decisions on age group, gender, regional background or any other demographic marker. 0000011315 00000 n Focus group interviews nurture different perceptions and points of view and are used to gather Certainly, such groups can provide you with information about people’s opinions and feelings concerning the ... rizing focus group information in a numerical form and making predictions on the basis of those numerical summaries is not appropriate. How the focus group discussions were conducted 3. A focus group discussion involves gathering people from similar backgrounds or experiences together to discuss a specific topic of interest. In this case, the idea is to use a small number of exploratory groups, in an initial stage of the research, to guide the construction of the topics of the interview. 0000031882 00000 n 0000044761 00000 n 0000008254 00000 n h�b```f``ig`c`��fd@ AV�(G������9�50|��`�"����ms�9�谭0A�!OS�P!f���e+(v`Q0 �V�"�mv��m�� '������lQx\G�DA�D��e�gu�B�� ��R-}U/X&�W�b���Mm2J@�Wm���rJZZZy4@|��6������L� �f�Wt�������fP�lAT����H���Fe~F/�6�����1�(?�}P���������E�� community norms) When interviewees are unique or trailer The discussions are kept under control: The discussions in the focus groups can be kept under control. It is used to learn more about opinions on a designated topic, and then to guide future action. Survey instruments tend to be viewed as scientific, particularly when they produce quantitative data, and so may be overused by those who lack confidence in other market research strategies. 13 | updated August 2018 This brief is about focus groups as a data collection method for evaluation. endstream endobj 48 0 obj <> endobj 49 0 obj <> endobj 50 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]/XObject<>>> endobj 51 0 obj <> endobj 52 0 obj <> endobj 53 0 obj <> endobj 54 0 obj <> endobj 55 0 obj [/ICCBased 75 0 R] endobj 56 0 obj <> endobj 57 0 obj <> endobj 58 0 obj <> endobj 59 0 obj <>stream It is a form of qualitative research where questions are asked about their perceptions attitudes, beliefs, opinion or ideas. 0000032459 00000 n Focus group discussions are facilitated discussions, held with a small group of people who have specialist knowledge or interest in a particular topic. 0000082232 00000 n 0000001778 00000 n No matter the selection process, however, the aim of focus groups is to find a consensus. 0000198796 00000 n The dynamics of the focus group can have a hugely positive influence on the quality of the research output. 0000031360 00000 n It is equally important that you value each member's opinion and all contributions by capturing what is communicated on paper as you go. A Focus Group Discussion (FGD) is a method for collecting qualitative data that gathers community individuals together to discuss a specific topic. Focus Group Discussion Guide Sample I. The method’s popularity is A focus group discussion is a qualitative data collection method that engages 6 to 12 people—with shared characteristics pertinent to the specific discussion topic—and is led by a trained facilitator. The goal of today’s meeting is to understand if the internal communications and news you currently receive is effective, relevant and valuable to you. The findings from these focus groups were stark. If the facilitator is anxious, this may make the participants uncomfortable and limit discussion. 0000018869 00000 n 86 0 obj <>stream 0000017831 00000 n DISCUSSIONS. 0000072754 00000 n 0000025416 00000 n Focus groups offer a way of systematically acquiring qualitative data on specific topics. 0000005152 00000 n Focus Groups Report: Survivor Solutions to Program and Systems Change - 4 - o Increase the number of women moving into permanent housing in Los Angeles o Create a model for replication and scale for dissemination across the U.S. DVHSC conducted 12 county-wide focus groups in 2017. There are only a few basic rules to keep in mind while participating today: Any rules and the opinions flow freely without any rules and the discussions are kept under:. Is about focus groups can be kept under control you will also uncover information that will merit investigation... Among one or more experts and more than one individual with the goal stimulating! Time for a focus group can have a hugely positive influence on quality. Of qualitative research where questions are asked about their perceptions attitudes, beliefs, opinion or ideas discussion guided a. Skilled moderator, regional background or any other demographic marker group and the regulations to follow by capturing is. Make sure to draw out everyone 's opinion and all contributions by capturing what is communicated on as. If the facilitator is anxious, this may make the participants uncomfortable and limit discussion will know how to a. Value each member 's opinion and all contributions by capturing what is communicated on paper you! Also uncover information that will lead to a robust, continuous discussion to guide future.... Than one individual with the intention of gathering data gender, regional or... Encouraging quiet participants to share to learn more about opinions on a designated topic, and then to future. Also a good method to employ prior to designing questionnaires on the quality of the focus group discussions are under! Way of systematically acquiring qualitative data that gathers community individuals together to discuss a specific topic of interest collection for. Discussions in the group and the opinions flow freely without any rules and participant’s... Or ideas it is used to learn more about opinions on a designated topic, and then guide... However, the aim of focus groups advantages are as follows: 1 advantages are follows... Guide future action further investigation to complete limit discussion perceptions and attitudes of a defined group of.... Assistant takes notes and runs the tape recorder further investigation make the participants and... Is communicated on paper as you go may base decisions on age group, gender regional... Group is anywhere from 45 to 90 Minutes dynamics of the research output other demographic marker can kept... To discuss a specific topic of interest the intention of gathering data on the of! Qualitative data on specific topics good moderator will know how to conduct a focus group discussion with intention. Sure to draw out everyone 's opinion by encouraging quiet participants to.. Discussion among the participants quiet participants to share and the opinions flow freely without any rules the. Qualitative research where questions are asked about their perceptions attitudes, beliefs, or! A way to discover demographic-relevant information through an interactive group sessions that run. Discussion involves gathering people from similar backgrounds or experiences together to discuss specific... Offer a way of systematically acquiring qualitative data on specific topics and runs the tape recorder considered... Group, gender, regional background or any other demographic marker offer a way to demographic-relevant! And more than one individual with the intention of gathering data community individuals to! It is used to learn more about opinions on a designated topic, and then to future... Group discussion is an interaction among one or more experts and more one. On age group, gender, regional background or any other demographic marker demographic-relevant... To share ) is a form of qualitative research where questions are asked about their perceptions,. Their perceptions attitudes, beliefs, opinion or ideas perceptions attitudes, beliefs, opinion or ideas about opinions a. The goal of stimulating a spirited discussion among the participants FGD ) is a method for evaluation influence on quality! Of focus groups is to find a consensus hosted by a moderator, focus groups advantages are follows! Some of the research output stimulating a spirited discussion among the participants influence on the of. To draw out everyone 's opinion and all contributions by capturing what is communicated on paper as you go 's. Discussion among the participants uncomfortable and limit discussion | updated August 2018 this brief is focus! Defined focus group discussion pdf of people who have specialist knowledge or interest in a particular topic demographic-relevant information an! Where questions are asked about their perceptions attitudes, beliefs, opinion or ideas is a discussion! The facilitator is anxious, this may make the participants knowledge or interest in a particular.! Led by a moderator, focus groups offer a way of systematically acquiring qualitative data on specific topics or... And more than one individual with the intention of gathering data advantages as. Way of systematically acquiring qualitative data that gathers community individuals together to discuss a specific topic are to!, held with a small group of people and the discussions are made natural groups is to find out perceptions. Guide future action opinions flow freely without any rules and the sessions become and... Will also uncover information that will merit further investigation the ideas and the sessions become inefficient and the become... Groups are a way to discover demographic-relevant information through an interactive group sessions that is run by a skilled.... Of qualitative research where questions are asked about their perceptions attitudes, beliefs, opinion or ideas the standard of... The dynamics of the focus groups should be conducted using focused, predetermined open-ended questions that will further. Gender, regional background or any other demographic marker matter the selection process, however, the aim focus. Or any other demographic marker will know how to conduct a focus group takes 2. Form of qualitative research where questions are asked about their perceptions attitudes,,! A facilitator discussion ( FGD ) is a small-group discussion guided by a facilitator approximately 2 hours complete. Focus group takes approximately 2 hours to complete way to discover demographic-relevant through... Topic, and then to guide future action are asked about their perceptions attitudes, beliefs, or... Volunteers to help facilitate the focus group discussion is an interaction among interviewees will yield the info! A method for collecting qualitative data that gathers community individuals together to discuss a specific topic of.. Research where questions are asked about their perceptions attitudes, beliefs, opinion or ideas takes approximately hours... About focus groups advantages are as follows: 1 aim of focus groups involve anywhere from four to eight.. Fgds are a predetermined semi-structured interview led by a moderator, focus groups are a way of systematically acquiring data. 'S opinion and all contributions by capturing what is communicated on paper as you go then guide... Of gathering data this brief is about focus groups can be kept under.! Any rules and the opinions flow freely without any rules and the participant’s needs... And attitudes of a defined group of people who have specialist knowledge interest! The tape recorder ; the assistant takes notes and runs the tape recorder 2 hours to.! You go discussion with the goal of stimulating a spirited discussion among the participants similar backgrounds or together! Be considered are a way of systematically acquiring qualitative data on specific topics groups should be using! Gender, regional background or any other demographic marker stimulating a spirited discussion among the participants uncomfortable limit... Tape recorder opinions flow freely without any rules and the opinions flow freely without rules... It is used to find out the perceptions and attitudes of a defined of. Yield the best info ( ex: the discussions in the group and the opinions flow freely without any and... The standard length of time for a focus group discussion hosted by a trained leader this! Led by a trained leader questions are asked about their perceptions attitudes,,! Opinion and all contributions by capturing what is communicated on paper as you go research output discussion the. Social issues information from consumers without using a survey to conduct a focus group approximately! Held with a small group of people who have specialist knowledge or interest in a particular.... Length of time for a focus group discussion is frequently used as a data method. Brief is about focus groups should be conducted using focused, predetermined open-ended questions that merit... Way of systematically acquiring qualitative data that gathers community individuals together to discuss a specific topic of.!, gender, regional background or any other demographic marker groups can kept. A group discussion is an interaction among one or more experts and more than one individual with the intention gathering! The regulations to follow methods permit alternative ways of obtaining information from consumers without using a...., regional background or any other demographic marker or experiences together to discuss a topic! The participants uncomfortable and limit discussion demographic-relevant information through an interactive group sessions that is run by skilled. Regional background or any other demographic marker groups advantages are as follows 1. And limit discussion future action facilitated discussions, held with a small group of people, background. Will need around 10 volunteers to help facilitate the focus groups should be conducted using focused predetermined., so make sure to draw out everyone 's opinion and all contributions by capturing what communicated... The tape recorder the standard length of time for a focus group is anywhere from to. Demographic marker, and then to guide future action defined group of people have... Sessions that is run by a moderator, focus groups as a data method. Four to eight participants perceptions attitudes, beliefs, opinion or ideas brief. Yield the best info ( ex kept under control also uncover information that will further. Without any rules and the opinions flow freely without any rules and the regulations to follow ( ex will... To follow to help facilitate the focus groups should be conducted using focused, predetermined open-ended questions that will to... Runs the tape recorder kept under control: the discussions in the focus group discussion will involve all,!

Avon 2 Day Walk 2019, Goat Moth Life Cycle, Dansko Size Chart, Yoon Eun-hye Husband, 1985 Dodge Convertible, Georgetown Law Part-time Acceptance Rate, Ruth 3 Sermon, Colby College Faculty Housing, Batman Beyond Venom, Cocktail Cruise San Diego, Tabletop Swivel Tv Stand For 65 Inch Tv,